10th May 1940
World War II: Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister. 80 years.
10th November 1880
Sir Jacob Epstein, American-British sculptor, was born. 140 years.
11th February 1975
Margaret Thatcher elected leader of the Conservative Party. 45 years.
11th February 1990
Revolutionary and politician, Nelson Mandela freed. 30 years.
11th January 1935
Amelia Earhart becomes the first aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean, from Honolulu, Hawaii to Oakland, California. 85 years.
12th April 1945
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States, died. 75 years.
12th April 1975
American-born French dancer, singer and actress, Josephine Baker died. 45 years.
12th January 1895
National Trust, the independent charity and membership organisation for environmental and heritage conservation in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, is founded in the United Kingdom. 125 years.
12th May 1820
Florence Nightingale, English social reformer and the founder of modern nursing, was born. 200 years.
13th April 1970
Launch of Apollo 13 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. 50 years.
13th May 1940
Winston Churchill made his "blood, toil, tears, and sweat" speech to the House of Commons. 80 years.
14th May 1955
The Warsaw Pact, a collective defense treaty among eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, was signed. 65 years.
15th April 1945
Liberation of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. 75 years.
15th May 1935
Kazimir Malevich, the Russian painter and art theoretician, died. 85 years.
16th January 1920
The League of Nations is formed and Leon Bourgeois is made President of the organisation. 100 years.
17th January 1920
Prohibition on alcohol comes into effect in the US. 100 Years
19th February 1985
The BBC TV show EastEnders broadcasts for the first time. 35years.
1st January 1895
John Edgar Hoover, the first Director of the FBI, was born. 1250 years.
20th January 1885
The patent for the first Commercial rollercoaster in Coney Island, NY is registered by L.A. Thompson. 135 years.
20th January 1930
Buzz Aldrin, member of Apollo 11 spaceflight, was born. 90 years.
21st April 1945
Red Army entered outskirts of Berlin, Russian troops capture some outlying suburbs of Berlin at the beginning of what promises to be a bitter battle for control of the city. 75 years.
21st August 1940
Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary and Marxist theorist, was assassinated. 80 years.
21st February 1965
Malcolm X, controversial black nationalist leader, was assassinated. 55 years.
22nd February 1980
Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian artist best known for his expressionists portraits and landscapes, dies aged 93. 40 years.

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