12th August 1939
The Wizard of Oz premiers at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood (released in theatres everywhere on August 25th). 85 years.
25th August 1984
Truman Capote, the American author and playwright, died. 40 years.
26th August 1974
Charles Lindbergh, the American aviation pioneer, died. 50 years.
1st September 1939
Germany invaded Poland, commencing World War II. 85 years.
5th September 1914
The Battle of Marne occurs during World War I. 110 years.
6th September 1939
Arthur Rackham, the British book illustrator famous for Alice's Adventues in Wonderland, A Christmas Carol and many more, died. 85 years.
15th September 1914
The first trenches where dug during World War I. 110 years.
16th September 1814
Francis Scott Key writes "The Star-Spangled Banner", the National Anthem of the United States. 210 years.
18th September 1814
Congress of Vienna, assembly in 1814–15 that reorganized Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. 210 years.
20th September 1934
Sophia Loren, Italian actress, declared "one of the world cinema's treasures", was born. 90 years.
22nd September 1989
Irving Berlin, the American songwriter and lyricist, died. 35 years.
23rd September 1939
Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis, died. 85 years.
26th September 1914
August Macke, German Expressionist Painter, died. 110 years.
30th September 1924
Truman Capote, American bestselling author, most famous for Breakfast at Tiffany's, was born. 100 years.
4th October 1814
Jean-Francois Millet, the French artist known for his scenes of peasant farmers, is born. 210 years.
5th October 1864
The birth of Louis Lumiere, who, with brother Auguste, made 1st motion picture in 1895. 160 years.
16th October 1964
Harold Wilson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. 60 years.
20th October 1964
Herbert Hoover, the American President, died. 60 years.
22nd October 1964
Jean-Paul Sartre refused the Nobel Prize for literature. 60 years.
22nd October 1844
Sarah Bernhardt, French stage and early film actress; referred to as "the most famous actress the world has ever known", was born. 180 years.

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